Gunnar Heinsohn's Latest: The Winchester of Alfred the Great and the Haithabu of his voyager Wulfstan: were they separated by 700 years?


„The voyage of Wulfstan may be considered Alfred’s own work“ (Hakluyt 1893). The most serious problem, however, with Alfred the Great’s writings on Wulftsan is neither attached to Haithabu/Hedeby (Wulfstan’s port of departure)  nor to Truso 1(Wulfstan’s destination)  but to his own capital, Venta Belgarum/Winchester. No palace, not even a small hut with a desk to translate Paulus Orosius and to write about Wulfstan, has ever been found in the capital of  Anglo-Saxon Wessex. In actual fact, there are no building strata whatsoever at Winchester in the 8th to 10th c. CE period when Haithabu and Truso had their one – and only – period of 1st millennium blossoming. Nobody knows where the Anglo-Saxon king was able to hold court... 
More...

Mega-Streams of the Atlantic

Carried by mighty streams in the North-Atlantic, the equivalent of twenty times the waters of all the rivers on Earth plunge deep into the oceanic depths. Scientists have no doubts about this. But there is a problem: nobody has yet observed these giants at work. And the longer the search, the more mysterious they appear. 
Go to article

The Ice Age Flute - the oldest music instrument ever recovered

Nicholas Conard with Ice Age Flute

The team around paleontologist Nicholas Conard has accumulated in recent years superlative Ice Age finds from the caves of the Swabian Jura. Among them, a flute dated to 35,000 BP, the oldest deliberately fabricated music instrument ever found.

Go to article 

Understanding and forecasting solar eruptions

A magnetic cord emerging from the inside of the Sun is associated with the appearance of a sun spot. This structure plays an important role in the triggering of an eruption. By characterizing the transition towards an eruption, this opens the door to a forecast of solar storms which affect Earth.

Go to article

Earth's weakening magnetic field

"Swarm" satellite

Three satellites of the European Space Agency (Esa) have measured the magnetic field of Earth more precisely than ever before. For a good purpose – our defence against harmful particle storms from space has been weakening of late...


Go to article

Anne-Marie de Grazia: my encounter with a bolide

One month ago, on September 7th, the editor of Q-MAG.org was a witness to the spectacular entry of a meteorite crossing the sky above Southern France. A few hours later, an NEO asteroid grazed Earth over New Zealand and the same day, a strange crater appeared in Nicaragua... 

Go to article

Answer to Michael Baillie: Archeological Strata vs Tree-Rings: proposal for an experiment

Tree-ring-daters do not agree on the number of years that can be substantiated for the 1st millennium CE. The majority is convinced that they have 1,000 characteristic rings that prove the 1,000 years required for a millennium, confirmed down to the last second by C14 (see below). Therefore, they are convinced that scholars living after the year 1000 CE had all the instruments available to construct the chronology from 1-1000 CE as dendro-chronologists find them in their textbooks...
Go to article

See also: A Carbon-14 Chronology

bristle-cone pines irish oaks phantom years

The Controversy: Michael Baillie: Tree Ring and Radiocarbon Rebuttal of Gunnar's Phantom Time Hypothesis

To whom it may concern.
 
Those who discuss the’ phantom time’ hypothesis enjoy semantic games with historical documents. However, scientists have their own approach to issues of chronology.
Go to article  

Gunnar Heinsohn's Latest: The Goths of the 4th Century and the Getae of the 1st Century: were they one and the same?

Since the Gothic-Getic cultures of Wielbark-Vistula and of Sântana de Mureș-Chernyakhov are contemporary, its 5,000 known sites were not annihilated by Huns (entering alliances with Goths) but struck simultaneously by the global conflagration that wiped out Rome and the ca 5,000 towns and cities (plus many of ca. 20,000 villae rusticae) of the Imperium Romanum. That devastation did not occur three times: in the 230s in Italy, in the 530s around Constantinople, and in the 930s in the Slavic Northeast (plus the Scandinavian Northwest and the Mesopotamian Southeast). Actually, we are looking at just one cataclysm that occurred, according to stratigraphy, simultaneously everywhere around the 930s CE.
Go to the article in pdf

Cyprus Salt Lakes exonerate "Sea Peoples" from destroying Late Bronze Age civilizations

"...Climate shift caused crop failures, death and famine, which precipitated or hastened socio-economic crises and forced regional human migrations at the end of the Late Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean and southwest Asia.”
Other evidence has been found of a climate shift in sea surface temperatures and a two degree Celsius drop around the same time in the northern hemisphere...

Go to page

Alfred de Grazia dies (Dec. 29, 1919 - July 13, 2014)

  • Alfred de Grazia
  • Alfred de Grazia
Pity the Mourners

Pity the mourners, not the dead.
Mourning is worse than dying.
Calculating the sadness and tears, 
the forlorn reaching for the dead,
I hardly dare to die. It would be
an imposition upon friend and family.

But they ought esteem more the
trouble I take to outlive them, 
to keep them happy and chattering
about my faults:
“What silly thing will he do next?”
(Short of dying, of course,
than which nothing is worse
save the mourning that follows.)
Alfred de Grazia
From: Twentieth-Century Firesale

A Stone Ax from Doggerland - In Sight of Doggerland

Bruine Bank, an area in the North Sea, is known to fishermen for mainly two things: the excellent catch rates when the weather is cold – and the bones, mammoth teeth, and even artefacts which frequently get caught in the nets and often cause annoying tears...

Go to page 

The Exact Date of the Deaths of Patroclus and Hector: Was It June 6th-7th, 1218 BC?

A New Astronomical Dating for the End of the Trojan War, by Stavros Papamarinopoulos

"A solar eclipse's evolution was desbribed in the Iliad in a stepwise mode manifested in increasing gradual darkness, during a warm day at late noon; from the time of Sarpedon's death to the time of Patroclus death. We examined the solar eclipses within the time span 1400-1130 B.C. and we found that only the annular solar eclipse on 6th June 1218 B.C. observable in Troy with significant obscuration of 75.2% fits fully with the Homeric description."
Go to the article

Libyan rock art Being erased by Jihadists

In the desert of the Tadrart Acacus, in Southwestern Libya, rock art dated as far back as 12,000 BC stands as witness to a rich African fauna and to human settlement long gone. Now, it is falling victim to a political catastrophe, as occupying Jihadist fighters are erasing all traces of human history in this area which they claim as their own.

Go to the article

The Tsunami that obliterated Doggerland

Doggerland, now submerged under the North Sea, was the “True Heart of Europe” in the Mesolithic. It disappeared 8,000 years ago, destroyed by a tsunami triggered by the Störegga Landslide. A new computer simulation presented in Vienna is trying to get a closer view of the event. (.../...)

Go to the article

Miles below ground, live the creatures of the Deep

Miles below the Earth’s surface, mysterious living beings are prospering – nobody can explain how they can survive in such depth. Genetic analysis reveals that the critters are all the same, the world over. Might they have been at the origin of life itself?
Go to the article

Navigation systems of migratory birds suffer from electromagnetic fields

Electromagnetic radiation confuses migratory birds – they lose their orientation. Even weak waves can bring them off the right path.
Go to article

Gunnar Heinsohn's Latest:
(4) Charlemagne's correct place in history

Charlemagne (“768-814” CE) is the most towering and intensively researched figure in all of European history. Yet, even today he still surprises even the most erudite scholars of history and archaeology. Historians are convinced that he was made Imperator Augustus on Christmas day in “800” CE. Archaeologists would not dare to deviate from that sanctified number by even one week.

However, in the most comprehensive excavations of a Carolingian residence, the palace at Ingelheim (occupied from the 8th to the 10 th c. CE), they are staggered by a building complex that – down to the water supply, and up to the roofing  – was “based on antique designs” (Research 2009), and, therefore, appears to be a reincarnation of 700-year-older Roman outlines from the 1st to 3rd c. CE. (.../...)

Go to the article

The petroglyphs of Mount Bégo

80 km to the North of Nice, in Southern France, the holy mountain of the God of Thunder...
Go to article

The petroglyph sundial of Mount Bégo

Mount Bégo: an electrical mountain

Farewell, Bob Bass

The Dead from the Kirschbaum Cave
Three Burials, Three Millennia

The remains of at least seven humans, and sundry animals, domestic and wild, lay in a narrow karstic cave in Franconia (Northern Bavaria) – they date back to three different epochs: the Neolithic, the early Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Scientists are puzzled. 
Go to article

Alfred de Grazia awarded the Legion of Honor

  • Alfred de Grazia
  • Alfred de Grazia
  • Alfred de Grazia
  • Alfred de Grazia's Légion d'Honneur

On December 29, 2013, Alfred de Grazia celebrated his 94th birthday with a gathering of mistletoe and a walk along the river Huisne. Two days later, on December 31, 2013, by Presidential Decree, he was named a Chevalier (Knight) of the Legion of Honor, France's highest order of distinction. 

Fragment of Halley's Comet Hit Earth in 536 A.D., causing Drought and Famine

According to Dallas Abbott of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, a fragment of Halley's comet hit the Earth ocean in 536 AD, leaving tropical marine organisms in Greenland ice and causing widespread catastrophes.

Go to article 

Earthquake lights - a new theory to explain them

Before the earth quakes, mysterious balls of light sometimes appear. Canadian scientists scrutinized this phenomenon of earthquake lights. Their explanations reach into the depths of the Earth’s crust.
Go to article

Also: Ionospheric Precursors of Earthquakes

new article by Sergey Pulinets and Dmitry Davidenko
Go to article

Contradictory Predictions: Scientists criticize the UN Climate Report

In its new Climate Report, the UN gives a 2200 page warning about a dramatic change in the environment. Renowned scientists point out contradictions and discrepancies in the report and raise five criticisms against the World Climate Council.
Go to article

Black Holes throwing iron into space

Black holes are throwing off mysterious jets into space. Astronomers have recently witnessed an eruption. They think that they have recognized the nature of the expulsed matter...
​Go to article

Lightning shapes mountain tops

Geologists Jasper Knight and Stefan Grab of Witwatersrand University (Johannesburg) show for the first time that lightning strikes causing rocks to explode play a huge role in shaping mountain landscapes in southern Africa, debunking previous assumptions that angular rock formations were necessarily caused by cold temperatures, and proving that mountains are a lot less stable than we think.

Go to the full article


The Volcano which brought famine to Europe

An eruption of the Indonesian volcano Lombok has been recently recognized to be the cause of the disastrous meteorological events which beset Europe in the mid-13th century AD.
Go the article

The Creation of the Gods - Sacrifice as the Origin of Religion: The Book by Gunnar Heinsohn


What is a god?
How did the priesthood, and cults of bloody sacrifices come into existence?
How did our forebears arrive at fashioning images of gods in animal- human- or mixed shapes?
Were the gods sacrificed to, or did the sacrificed become gods?
How, in short, did humanity reach this first step of higher culture?

Gunnar Heinsohn's groundbreaking work in the history of religion, based on clues from anthropology, archaeology, mythology and ancient history, is made available for the first time in English, in a serialized form, in a translation by Anne-Marie de Grazia.

Now serialized in Q-mag.org

Go to: The Creation of the Gods


Lightning Triggered by Cosmic Rays
The Runaway-Breakdown Theory

Lightning over Zürich


The greatest mystery since Franklin's time has always been: how do these enormous electric tensions build up in the atmosphere? What powers can possibly be at work, separating positively and negatively charged particles, causing high-power discharges to shoot through the air at a speed of 360 million km/h, and a temperature four times higher than that of the surface of the Sun?

Go to the article

Hurricane Katrina: was New Orleans flooded by the Mississippi waters?

by Vladimir Pudov

Two hurricanes of such intensity as Katrina and Rita - are an epochal event. Such powerful hurricanes - of the 5th category - are observed extremely rarely in the Atlantic Ocean. Within the last 65 years, only two hurricanes of such intensity hit the US coast - these were Camilla (1969) and Andrew (1992).

Why do these monsters, like Amazon pythons, periodically crawl out of the Atlantic Ocean precisely in the Gulf of Mexico? Oil derricks may be guilty, as they contaminate the superficial water of this almost closed water area. An oil film of a thickness of only 20 to 30 Angström reduces the evaporation of superficial water by 20 percent and more. The waters of the Gulf of Mexico become overheated as the natural ocean/atmosphere power interchange balance is broken.

On a possible role of electromagnetic effects in the Atmosphere-Ocean coupling in Tropical Cyclones

by Vladimir Pudov
Go to article

How does Pollution of the World Ocean contribute to the greenhouse effect?

by Vladimir Pudov

Over the last decades, the problem of global warming has become ever more urgent. Some scientists contend that we are dealing with a naturally fluctuating climatic process. Over the past century, the mean annual global temperature increased by only 0.50 – 0.80C. Such a growth is well within the limits of natural temperature variations. Others, and they are in the majority, are of the opinion that the recent rapid temperature increase is caused by atmospheric pollution and an increase in the so-called "greenhouse effect."

The greenhouse effect is the absorption by the atmosphere of the long-wave radiation (simply stated, the infrared radiation of heat within the range of 4 to 100 micrometers) emitted by the surface of our Planet (land and oceans) when it is heated by the Sun. Just as in a greenhouse, the air is heated and sends back part of the long-wave radiation to Earth, while the other part escapes into space. Through this process, the temperature on the Earth's surface becomes higher than it would otherwise be, without these "greenhouse" gases playing the role of a greenhouse film, or glass, in the atmosphere of the planets. Such gases are: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrogen monoxide (N20), etc. But the main components of the atmosphere contributing to the greenhouse effect are CO2 and water vapor. The presence of these gases in the atmosphere produces the effect of a warm blanket and makes possible the conservation of heat near the Earth's surface. The greenhouse effect has existed on Earth practically at all times. It is because of this very effect that we live in such comfortable, greenhouse conditions. Without it, the oceans would be frozen and life such as we know it would not have been possible.

But the excessive burning of fossil fuel and forest fires increase the abundance of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The concentration of CO2 in the Earth's atmosphere is at present the highest it has been in the past 650 thousand years, according to scientists who studied samples of Antarctic ice taken from a depth of three kilometers. The age of the samples reaches to about 900 thousand years. The ice contains air bubbles. The analysis of the gas composition of these bubbles yields information about the concentration of different gases in the atmosphere and about the temperature of the environment in the corresponding life periods of our Planet. It has been found that the concentration of carbon dioxide is now 30% higher than in any time-period studied and the concentration of methane is 130% higher. Moreover, "the rate of increase of carbon dioxide concentration during the past 50 years is 250 times higher than is has been for any 50 year-period during the last 650 thousand years", says Dr. Thomas Stocker from Bern University in Switzerland. The rate of increase of carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere can upset the atmospheric equilibrium of our Planet and cause a global warming of the climate with unpredictable consequences.
Read more

The Great Plain of Atlantis - was it in Doggerland?
The Atlantis of jean Deruelle


It was inevitable that Doggerland, the part of the North Sea which was left dry for several thousand years after the end of the last ice age, should come to be considered as one more possible location for Plato's Atlantis. Doggerland stretched all the way from the east coast of England and Scotland to Denmark and supported a thriving mesolithic population. "It was the true heart of Europe," says Richard Bates, geochemist at St Andrews University in Scotland. It struggled for several millennia against the rising sea levels, then was submerged in a sudden catastrophe at a date estimated between 6200 B.C. and 5500 B.C. (Maybe caused by, or connected to the Störegga Landslide). Robert Graves himself had briefly considered the area of shallows known as Dogger Bank as a possible location for Atlantis, before dismissing it on grounds of distance.

As it happens, more than decade before geologists focused attention on Doggerland at a 2012 meeting of the British Royal Society, a Frenchman, Jean Deruelle, had published a book making a strongly argumented case for the notoriously elusive "Great Plain" of Atlantis having been situated on now submerged land in the North Sea. He published his hypotheses in 1999, in a book called "L'Atlantide des Mégalithes," as part of a broader examination of the spread of megalithic cultures and little studied West to East movements of populations.

No other hypothesis than Deruelle's tackles so credibly the most outlandish elements in Plato's description of Atlantis: the description of a vast plain, surrounded by a man-made ditch, 180 meters broad and thirty meters deep, large enough to circulate supertankers: it was not a ditch, but a dyke, build over centuries to protect a large part of Doggerland against the slowly rising waters of the North Sea...


Go to the full article


Men-made earthquakes:

The deadly earthquakes which occurred in Spain in 2011 were triggered by human activity, scientists say. This is not the only time that this happened: new data shows that man bears responsibility for many catastrophic earthquakes...

Earthquake in Lorca, Spain 2011

Evidently, geophysicist Christian Klose was not a very a welcome guest in Australian Newcastle. His lecture had not been advertised, his speech had been limited to 45 minutes - and afterwards, there was hardly any discussion, Klose reports. The mood in the auditorium was not really cordial.

To the German scientist from the US American research institute Think Geohazards, this reticence came as no great surprise, for what he was reporting was quite unheard of: the devastating earthquake which had occured in Newcastle in December 1989, in which 13 people died, 160 were injured and tens of thousands of buildings had been damaged, had been triggered by mining activity, Klose had discovered (.../...)

Go to the full article

Controlling Hurricanes

An 8 minutes digest of a one hour documentary film made by Cogent/Benger for Canadian Television in 2007 on HOW TO STOP A HURRICANE? It contains a few minutes of an interview of Russian scientist Vladimir Pudov, formerly of the Soviet "Typhoon" project at the Institute of Experimental Meteorology in Obninsk, Russia, talking about a highly interesting experiment.

Fukushima: Application of the Thermal Effect of the Atmosphere Ionization for Remote Diagnostics of the Radiactive Pollution of the Atmosphere

We thank Prof. Sergey Pulinets, Head of the Moscow Center of Ionosphere Monitoring at the Fiodorov Institute of Applied Geophysics in Moscow, Russia, for sharing with us the following paper after we published our Q-Mag.org article on the Fukushima catastrophe.

(...)RADIOACTIVE POLLUTION AND THE POSSIBILITY OF CONTROL

The accidents with damage to the atomic reactor in the United States (Three Mile Island, 1979) and in the Soviet Union (Chernobyl, 1986) brought forward the burning issue about the safety of nuclear technologies and the possibilities of objective independent control of the level of radioactive pollution caused by the emissions of radioactive substances into the atmosphere or to the Earth's surface. Special attention should be focused on the problems of nuclear safety in the location of atomic power stations in the seismic active regions of our planet. The problems of nuclear power engineering in Japan and inadequate approaches of the TEPCO controlling company became an object of the peer attention of the world community not for the first time. In July 2007, after a strong earthquake near Niigata city, an accident occurred similar to the accident at the Fukushima power station: leakage of polluted water and emission of radioactive gas into the atmosphere with the further emergency shutdown of the nuclear reactor on the world's largest Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant. Since it was a onetime emission and the infrastructure of the power station was not seriously damaged, the incident remained known only to the specialists. (.../...)

Prof. Sergey Pulinets on predicting earthquakes through atmospheric phenomena

See also the illuminating interview of Prof. Pulinets on earthquake prediction by monitoring of ionospheric "precursors," which treats of the "earthquake-side" of the Fukushima catastrophe.

Interview of Dr Sergey Pulinets on: "A Multi-Parameter Approach to Earthquake Forecasting" (pdf and video)

New: God's Fire - Moses and the Management of Exodus

by Alfred de Grazia

Published March 2013 - 444 pages; 6" x 9"; ISBN: 978-1-60377-085-9; LCCN: 2012923934; Metron Publications

Richard Stern: a review of 'Cosmic Heretics'

Heretics from the doctrines of modern science have been legion, but scattered. Those here catagorized as "cosmic" include a diverse group of researchers, originally inspired by Imanuel Velikovsky's theories of the cosmos and history, who are convinced that the planets in our solar system have moved and changed within the memory of the human species and even within historical times. Such exo-terrestrial movements, denied by the scientific establishment, have profoundly and often catastrophically impacted every aspect of life on Earth. (.../...)

Go to the article

Doggerland lost

They broke off after the cold. The ice age was over, the glaciers had retreated all the way back to Scandinavia, and humans wandered Northward. Over the land they settled down on, the North Sea today swashes.

You must imagine the place as a paradise. Lakes lapping gently in the marshes, rivers winding their course through lusch landscapes of grasses and bushes. Food was a-plenty: the waters teemed with fish, birds nested in the reeds, berrybushes covered the banks. Archaeologists surmise that, until about 8,000 years ago, thousands of humans must have lived on what is today the bottom of the North Sea.

Geoscientists have now resurrected their long-gone land (.../...)

Stones Falling from Heaven

by Anne-Marie de Grazia

​Reports about "stones falling from heaven" must have existed since earliest mankind. In the late 16th century, Indians of the Chaco in Northern Argentina knew of a large mass of iron which had fallen from the sky in a place which they still called Piguem Nonralta ("Field of the Sky"), which the Spanish colonialists translated aptly as "Campo de Cielo." In 1576, a Spanish governor from Paraguay sent an expedition in search of a deposit of iron, which the Indians were said to be using to make weapons. A large mass of metal protruding out of the soil was found, said by the Indians to be of celestial origin, and samples of which were taken, to be deposited, along with the records of the expedition, in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville. The area was investigated again by Spanish explorers two centuries later and the iron deemed to have formed in a volcanic eruption. Samples from these latter expeditions were sent to the Royal Society of London. It is not until the 20th. Century that the iron masses of Campo de Cielo were identified as meteoritic - and a huge meteorite it had been, adding up to close to 100 tons of matter, distributed over 26 still identifiable craters. The event, the memory of which had been preserved by the Indians, down to their toponymy, was dated back to some 4,000 to 5,000 years...(.../...)

An exploding fire-ball, as seen by Albrecht Dürer - painted on the back of Saint Jerome penitent, Fitzwilliam Museeum, Cambridge University.

Germany: a danger of volcanic eruptions?

The Eifel is an idyllic low mountain range in West Germany, bordering on the Rhine to the East and the Moselle River to the South, with its highest elevation a mere 747m at the Hohe Acht.

Yet, German geologists have been asking themselves: does the Eifel present a volcanic threat? This possibility is beginning to gather strong support in expert circles, who are ready to go on the offensive. The situation could turn from quiet to catastrophic in a matter of montés. The volcanoes of the Rhineland are not subjected to surveillance. One expert proposes to use ants as an early warning system (.../...)

Go to the article

Fukushima: the silenced truth

Thierry Ribault is a French economist doing research in Japan for the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), of France, working on the modalities of the protection of humans in the context of the Fukushima disaster. He published an article in Rue 89-le Nouvel Observateur an Internet magazine, in which he seeks to keenly dissociate himself from a presentation made by his employer, the CNRS, about the nuclear industry and destined to the "broader public," and which he accuses to silence the true situation at Fukushima (.../...)

Whodunit? The fall of a meteorite on the 6th of Floreal of the year 11 in L'Aigle

On the 6th day of the month of Floreal of the year 11 of the French Republic, that is April 26th, 1803 according to the Gregorian calendar, around 01:00pm, a meteorite exploded in the atmosphere above the city of L'Aigle, in Lower Normandy, and scattered some 3,000 pieces of stone over the countryside. Men and beasts got away with a memorable scare, but nobody and nothing came to serious harm.

That the meteorite of L'Aigle would remain of momentous importance in the history of science is due to the Interior Ministry deciding to dispatch, some two months after the fact, a bright young scientist, Jean-Baptiste Biot, to investigate the "moral and physical circumstances" of the event. A protégé of Laplace, Biot, who was not yet thirty, had already held the chair for mathematical physics at the College de France since the age of twenty-six.

Biot conducted his investigation with the brio of a master detective in a whodunit, and was able to demonstrate once and for all, by sheer logical deductions, based on the examination of clues and the questioning of witnesses, a fact which the science of the time had been obstinately denying: that stones of non-terrestrial origin fell from the sky.

It remains to this day one of the best documented meteoritic events.

Read: Relation of a voyage to the département of the Orne

in order to verify the reality of a meteorite observed at L'Aigle on the 6th Floreal of the year 11

Go to the full memoir of Jean-Baptiste Biot

Biot's Bio

He didn't rest on his laurels...

Jean-Baptiste Biot, physicist, astronomer and mathematician, was born April 21, 1774 in Paris. His father, who descended from a peasant family of Lorraine, worked for the Royal Treasury. While studying at the prestigious College Louis-le-Grand in Paris, Jean-Baptiste drew the attention of the mathematician Antoine-René Mauduit (1731-1815) who gave him private lessons. Yet his father sent him to Le Havre into apprenticeship with a merchant. His work consisted mainly of copying letters. He ran away and, at age 18, he joined the Army of the Revolution as a volunteer cannoneer and was injured at the Battle of Hondschoote, which liberated Dunkirk from the armies of the First Coalition of European powers which were attacking the Revolution. He returned to his family with a permanently damaged knee, got involved in political protests, even marched against the Convention on 13 Vendémiaire, and was accused of being a deserteur and jailed.

Go to the full article

Gay-Lussac and Biot in a hydrogen balloon in 1804, studying the electric and magnetic properties of the atmosphere

The meteorite of Madame Comette

Only 65 meteoritic falls have been historically documented in France over the past four centuries. The latest was discovered in October 2011, when a tradesman repairing a leak in a roof in the Paris suburb of Draveil found a unusual looking stone. The 88gr chondrite meteorite, the size of a chicken egg, covered with a black fusion crust acquired during its crossing of the atmosphere, was trapped in the roofing insulation. The landing had been violent: "Only Superman could have smashed tiles in this way!" declared the roofer, who conjectured rightly that he was faced with a space-traveller, and after having broken off a small piece for himself, handed it over to the mistress of the house, Mme Comette (Nomen est omen!)...

Go to the full article

Michael Gordin: The Pseudoscience Wars: Velikovsky and the Birth of the Modern Fringe

A Review by Ev Cochrane

Medaillon of Immanuel Velikovsky by the Spanish artist Evelio Delgado (1953-1991) Collection Sigmund Kardas.

"From the moment of publication of Worlds in Collision in April 1950, Velikovsky was branded a crackpot. There was no careful consideration, no engaged debates about the book's status within the scientific community. Velikovskianism was, so to speak, born pseudoscientific." [1] Michael Gordin

"I have again read in Worlds in Collision. It is a book of immeasurable importance, and scientists should read it." [2] Albert Einstein

Gordin would appear to be ideally suited to tackle the controversy sparked by the publication of Worlds in Collision. In addition to being a historian of science at Princeton University—one who is fluent in Russian, Velikovsky's native language—Gordin had ample opportunity to take advantage of the fact that that University's Firestone Library serves as the final resting place for Velikovsky's voluminous archives, which he mined for countless anecdotes and behind-the-scenes commentaries on the dramatic events in question. Included among the scientists quoted by Gordin on this or that aspect of the Velikovsky Affair are some of the greatest figures of the 20th century, including Albert Einstein, Harlow Shapley, Otto Neugebauer, Polykarp Kusch, and Harold Urey.

(.../...)

[1] The Pseudoscience Wars: Immanuel Velikovsky and the Birth of the Modern Fringe (Chicago, 2012) p.15

[2] Ibid, p. 122

A precise chronology of Exodus, by Flavio Barbiero

Flavio Barbiero

Prof. Stavros Papamarinopoulos' remarkable article on "A New Astronomical Dating for the Return of Odysseus to Ithaca" brought many passionate responses. Among them, the most surprising was an article in progress which Adm. Flavio Barbiero sent to us: he has been working on an exact chronology for the Exodus of the Hebrews out of Egypt and on the hypothesis of a solar eclipse explaining the "plague of darkness" in the Book of Exodus. He has come up, quite independently from Stavros Papamarinopoulos' work - neither was in touch with the other about their research - with the date of May 16, 1208 B.C. for this eclipse, leading to a date of the night of July 2-3, 1208 B.C. for the Passage of the Red Sea. That would be some 15 months before the return of Odysseus to Ithaca! 

The 2012 Conference of Quantavolution in Naxos, Greece

The exact date of the return of Odysseus to Ithaca - Could it have been October 25th-30th, 1207 B.C.?

by Anne-Marie de Grazia (based on an article by Stavros Papamarinopoulos) 

"I've just read with fascination the article on the exact date of Odysseus' return to the palace and his killing of Penelope's wooers. Really very good."

James Salter, August 20, 2012

"...and the sun has perished out of heaven and an evil mist covers all..." (Homer, Odyssey, 20, 356-357).

Already the ancient astronomer and philosopher Heraclides Ponticus, or Heraclides of Pontus (c. 390 - c.310 B.C.) in his Allegories, 75, 1, 1-9, 3, has explained this passage of the Odyssey as referring to a solar eclipse. He was the first to our knowledge to state that the seer Theoclymenos was thus announcing to the wooers assembled in Odysseus' palace the onset of a solar eclipse, which would see the hour of their own undoing.

But was Heraclides really the first? He was a trusted acolyte of Plato, who left him in charge of his Academy when he left for Sicily. Heraclides may merely have fixed in writing an ancient knowledge, which had been passed on to the Academy. He was one of the most important astronomers of antiquity, and was the first to propose that the Earth rotates on its axis from West to East in 24 hours. According to Chalcidius, he proposed a model of the solar system in which Venus, and possibly Mercury, rotated around the sun, thus explaining the variations in their brilliance. This model is considered to have been the first step towards heliocentrism. Copernicus himself claimed Heraclides as his predecessor. Certainly, Heraclides would have been the autority on celestial mechanics of his time.

At the head of a team of scholars and researchers, Stavros Papamarinopoulos, Professor of Geomythology at the University of Patras, Greece, has set out to define the exact date of this eclipse, referred to in the Odyssey, from which could readily be deduced the all-important date of the beginning of the Trojan War, as the war itself lasted ten years, followed by ten more years of wanderings for Odysseus, before he found back to his kingdom on the island of Ithaca, a homecoming which, according to the narrative, would have occurred five days before the eclipse in question.

But is it legitimate to expect scientific accuracy from the Homeric texts?

Jean-Pierre Petit: Faster than Light

a scientific comic-strip

translated by John Murphy

French astrophysicist, plasma-physicist and comic book author, Jean-Pierre Petit - "the man who draws faster than his shadow" - created a remarkable series of scientific comic books around his endearing hero and maybe alter-ego, Archibald Higgins, under the motto: "Learned sometimes, kind always." We are happy to present here, with his authorization: The Speed of Light. Have fun! It's serious...

Jean-Pierre Petit: Faster than Light - a scientific comic strip

Abstracts of papers on plasma science delivered at the Atmosphere Ionosphere Safety Conference AIS 2010 in Kaliningrad

After the success of our abstracts on Ball-Lightning we present here abstracts of papers on plasma from the "Atmosphere Ionosphere Safety" Conference - AIS 2010 in Kaliningrad, Russia. These technical papers, which point at the work done by Eastern scientists on this subject, should be of interest to any serious fan of the "Electric Universe" theories.

Go to the abstracts of the papers on plasma science of the AIS Conference

What happened on July 21, 365 A.D.?

Long thought to have exxagerated the dimension of the events of July 21, 365, Jerome, Father of the Church, has been vindicated by recent research...

The tsunami described in vivid terms by Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus (325/330-after 391 A.D.) and dated to have occurred on July 21, 365 A.D., was of a magnitude far superior to any anything hitherto suspected: it was triggered by an earthquake which, on that one day, lifted the Western coast of Crete 10 meters out of the sea...

From Memphis to Maastricht: Smothered Roman Cities

by Gunnar Heinsohn

(In answer to "The Tsunami which destroyed Olympia," Prof. Gunnar Heinsohn communicated to us the following article:)
...Just as mysteriously as Dura Europos [Syria, on the bank of the Euphrates, abandoned after 256-7 A.D.], far more celebrated metropolises of Antiquity disappear in the sand, without having suffered any previous attack. Among them, at a linear distance of some 1,000 km to the Southwest of Dura Europos, Memphis, the fabulous capital of Egypt, commands attention. It is scientifically identified only at the occasion of the Napoleonic "Campaign of the Pyramids" (1798-1801; Champollion 1814), yet in the 13th century A.D., the geographer Abdul-a-Latif al-Baghdadi had been moved to awe and admiration by its gigantic fields of ruins...

Go to full article

A boat still loaded with its cargo under the blue mud of Istambul-Yenikapi

Shattered ceramics of the 3rd/4th and the 8th/9th century in the "harbor of Theodosius" (Istambul/Yenikapi)

The Tsunami which destroyed Olympia

It appears now that Olympia, the site of the Temple of Zeus and of the ancient Olympic Games, was destroyed by several tsunamis reaching far inside the land and not, as had been generally accepted, through earthquakes and riverfloods. These insights results from the investigation of the almost eight-meter thick layers of sediments under which the ancient site lies buried.

Map of the archaeological site of Ancient Olympia

The site of Olympia today, with the Kladeios River.

Olympia, which is situated in the Northwest of the Peloponesian peninsula, was in antiquity a sanctuary of Zeus and the site of the Olympic Games. The remains of the once numerous buildings of this major ancient place of worship were rediscovered only 250 years ago, and the first digs were undertaken only in 1874. For a long time, it was believed that an earthquake had destroyed the sanctuaries in 551 A.D. and that subsequent floodings of the river Kladeos had buried the ancient constructions. It remained a mystery, though, how the modest creek Kladeos, which runs along the site, could have accumulated sediments several meters thick, and then have cut itself down through them by ten to 12 meters, to find back to its ancient course.

A team of scientists under the direction of Andreas Vött of the Geographic Institute of the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz has now investigated this area anew, together with the local ephorate of the antiquities and colleagues from the universities of Aachen, Darmstadt, Freiburg, Hamburg and Cologne, using geomorphological and geoarchaeological methods. It started from the hypothesis that one of the tsunamis which during the past 11,000 years have demonstrably visited the coasts of the oriental Mediterranean might have buried the ancient site.

Go to full article

About the Mayan Calendar and other Doomsday scenarii:

Trevor Palmer's "Doomsday Cults and Recent Quantavolutions"

Trevor Palmer's paper at the Quantavolution Conference in Athens, 2011

Fukushima: how safe is Pacific fish?

Fukushima - a quantavolution indeed! And it will affect the way we live forever... In May-June 2011, a level of cesium137 45 million times above normal was found in the Pacific waters off Japan - this means, where there used to be 1 gram, there were now 4.5 tons! - levelling off at 10,000 times normal in July instead of continuing to decrease as expected... This raises the question: how safe is the consumption of Pacific fish? We reproduce here an article of the MONTREAL GAZETTE of January 13, 2012 which should help Q-Mag readers make informed dietary decisions.

Cold nuclear transmutation of chemical elements and ball lightning - Conference at Sochi, Russia (short abstracts)

We complement our issue on ball-lightning with these short abstracts in english of papers given on a scientific conference in Sochi, Russia, September 26 to October 3, 2010 on the subject of COLD NUCLEAR TRANSMUTATION OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND BALL LIGHTNING which, together with the KALININGRAD CONFERENCE of the same year, shows the main directions of research on this subject, which is generally given more attention in Europe and in Asia than in the United States - where ball lightning is still more or less relegated to the corner of the occult. As for the KALININGRAD CONFERENCE abstracts, the english is generally problematic but we have preferred not to introduce errors by trying to correct the language. These abstracts should be of interest to our "Electric Universe" physicists and plasma buffs!

Venus and a Cosmic Serpent in Papua-New Guinea

Maurice Godelier (born in 1935), who was the assistant of Claude Lévi-Strauss, is one of the most highly regarded French anthropologists of today.* He wrote anthropological history when he studied a moutain tribe of Papua-New Guinea, the Baruyas, who had been discovered in 1951, having never seen a white man before, and who had known only stone tools until then. He spent seven years with them, between 1967 and 1988. His approach is that of a structuralist, solidly working within the methods and norms of scientific anthropologies as it is practiced today and, of course, would know little of the theses of Immanuel Velikovsky, of catastrophism or of Quantavolution and certainly would have no recourse to them as interpretative tools. * *

I am translating here from his book: Au fondement des sociétés humaines; ce que nous apprend l'anthropology, published by Editions Albin Michel, Paris, 2007 (pp 83-84). The chapter title is:

About things that one gives, things that one sells and those which must be neither sold nor given, but kept in order to be handed down.

(...)My terrain in New Guinea gave me the opportunity to observe frequently to what use sacred objects can be put. Among the Baruyas, a number of clans possess kwaimatnié. These are parcels containing things that one never sees and which are wrapped in strips of red bark, red being the color of the sun. The Baruyas call themselves "sons of the Sun." The word kwaimatnié derives from kwala, men, nimatnié, to make grow. Kwaimatnié are secretly kept in the houses of the masters of initiation of the boys, these men being the representatives of the clans and intervene at different stages of the boys initiation (which takes ten years, up to marriage). At the age of nine, boys are brutally separated from their mothers and from the world of women and locked up in the houses of the men, which dominate the village. There, they are put in presence of diverse sacred objects - flutes, rhombuses and the kwaimatnié

The light of all life

The German biophysicist Fritz-Albert Popp has established the existence of light in living organisms. The presence of these biophotons is undeniable. Experts are fighting about the origin of the light and about its significance.

Originally, Fritz-Albert Popp, born in 1938, wanted to become a philosopher. "Then my physics teacher persuaded me to study physics." But he preserved his penchant for unusual thinking though it exposed him to a life-long struggle for his reputation in academia. This despite the fact that, three decades ago, he made a discovery which he seriously thought could bring him a Nobel Prize in physics: he had discovered the existence of a weak light in living cells. It shines merely at a rate of a few quantas per second per square centimeter, equivalent to the light of a candle seen from a distance of 20 kilometers.

The existence of these biophotons has meanwhile become undisputed. Still, Popp received no Nobel Prize for his pains. Instead, his theories have been attacked as "esoterism," and "nonsense and poppycock." Fritz Schäfer from the Max-Planck Institute for biophysical chemistry in Goettingen admits, though, "that the ultra-weak radiance of cells is a generally accepted fact," and "that the origin of this radiance has not been ascertained until now," although he considers the theses of Popp "to have been clearly disproven."

But Herbert Klima, of the Atomic Institute of the University of Austria in Vienna, concedes that Popp, the "pioneer of research in biophotons," has delivered "three decades of serious scientific work."

Origins of biophotonics

Around 1923 Alexander Gurwitsch discovers that living organisms (onions, yeast) emit an ultra-weak light and guesses that there might exist a connection with the stimulation of cell-growth. He gives the luminescence the name "mitogenetic radiation" and finds evidence that it may be located in the spectrum around 260nm (bibliography see "Gurwitsch," also Ruth (1977-1979).

After a preliminary enthusiasm for the discovery of Gurwitsch - only one vote was missing for him to get the Nobel Prize - his discovery was put in doubt, or dismissed as unimportant. Despite the fact that Gurwisch's discovery was verified many times and has never been disproven, "mitogenetic radiation" was forgotten, if not discredited. Still in 1980 it was mocked in Germany as "a miracle from the USSR."

Around 1950, Russian biophysicists study "ultra-weak photon emissions" (dark luminescence) from biological systems with the help of modern photon multipliers. The scientists publish their results mainly in the publication "Biophysics" (Biofizica). They keep bashfully silent about the connection with Alexander Gurwitsch's "mitogenetic radiation," but they too establish a correlation with cell growth. They verify that the radiance is emitted by practically all living organisms and that with advancing stages of evolution it seems to diminish in intensity.

Ball-lightning - why it still puzzles us

"Greek Zeus-Jupiter hurling a lightning-bolt. Juergens suggest that this 'unreal' bolt may be all too real, a plasmoid of electricity of immense power, well beyond the bi-dental fork that represents Jovean lightning in the typical artistic sublimations." (Alfred de Grazia, Chaos and Creation, 1981).

Of all the phenomena of an "Electric Universe," ball lightning has been one of the least studied by Western science. Yet research in this subject has been carried forward more systematically in Russia and in Eastern Europe, in the frame of research on plasma phenomena.
The state of the art of Russian research in ball-lightning was exposed at the II. International AIS-2010 "Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety" Conference in Kaliningrad, Russia June 21-27. We present here, for all the buffs of electrical phenomena, and all those interested in physics, the abstracts in English of the presentations that were made at this conference, which was co-sponsored by the European Office of Aerospace Research and Development.

Ball lightning: from the AIS-2010 - Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety - Conference in Kaliningrad, Russia

Abstracts (in english) of papers on ball lightning delivered at AIS-2010 Conference in Kaliningrad, Russia, in July 2010.

Go to Abstracts

A recent incident of ball lightning

Ball lightning hits German tourist bus

(Der Spiegel, Aug. 11, 2011)

It was a shock for a German tourist group: a ball-lightning hit their bus in the vicinity to the city of Kaliningrad in Russia. The rare natural phenomenon destroyed the entire on-board electronic - the passengers got away with the scare of their lives.

MOSCOW: An extremely rare natural phenomenon has brutally interrupted the trip of a German tourist group in Russia. Lightning struck their bus and damaged it severely ["irreparably," according to RIA News] According to Russian media, it was ball lightning. The 19 vacationers suffered no harm.

The bolt of lightning destroyed the entire on-board electronics of the bus, as well as the tyres, a spokeswoman for the city of Kaliningrad declared. At the time of the incident, several thunderstorms were developing in the area.

"The bus, of the brandname SETRA, was practically new and equipped with all kinds of electronic gadgets. Lightning hit the antenna, spread through the vehicle then exploded in the central electric block," said Tamara Toropova. The destroyed bus will now be transported back to Germany by ferry-boat.

These extremely rare forms of lightning, in the shape of spheres or "eggs," can, according to observers, float freely in the air or roll along the ground.

Are comet debris responsible for ball lightning?

Science has until now barely researched the phenomenon of ball-lightning, there exist hardly any pictures or videos of them occurring in nature. In many labs, though, artificial ball-lightning of brief duration has already been produced.

There are several theories as to the origin of these weather-phenomena. "For the formation of ball lightning, at least a thunderstorm in the vicinity is necessary," said Ute Ebert, a plasma physicist at the Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica in Amsterdam. It is, for instance, conceivable, that ball lightning can be created by a normal lightning bolt hitting sandy soil.

Minuscule particles of matter could so become loaded electrically, ionized and thrown high up in the air. The result: a so-called plasma. Under certain conditions, which have not been definitely explained, this plasma could then form itself into a bright ball of lightning.

Other theories speculate that an electric charge in a thunderstorm-laden atmosphere suffices to produce ball lightning above water surfaces. Australian scientists emitted the hypothesis last year that fragments of comets could create the conditions for the creation of ball-lightning.

^^See the article in //Der Spiegel// (German)^^

Cometary fragments may have triggered ball lightning

(Der Spiegel, December 1st, 2010)
Green balls of fire lit up the night sky over Australia - evoking thoughts of alien visitors to many. Now a scientist has come up with another sensational theory: fragments of a comet may have triggered the heavenly show and sent a ball lightning down the slope of a mountain.

It was an evening which many inhabitants of the Australian federal state of Queensland will remember. On May 16, 2006, three green fireballs lit up the sky over the city of Brisbane. According to eye-witnesses, one of them even rolled down a slope of the Great Dividing Range.

Local television and newspapers reported on the strange phenomenon. Witnesses were interrogated at length. Yet for over four years, it remained unclear, what had been at the origin of the impressive light show. Many an observer mentioned the possibility of visitors from space. Now Stephen Hugues, from the Queensland University of Technology, has come up with a rational explanation - or the beginning of one.

A crumbling meteorite may have been responsible for these sky events, writes Hughes in the British journal "Proceedings of the Royal Society of Astronomy." Moreover: the object supposedly also created ball lightning.

Eyewitnesses have described the light apparition as brighter than the moon and less bright than the sun. Hughes believes that these were parts of comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3. The very rapidly flying objects provoked shock-waves in the Earth atmosphere and in so doing, they ionized oxygen - this green light is known from polar lights.

One clue: that same day, the pilot of an airplane en route for New Zealand reported to have observed an meteorite entering the atmosphere. It had fallen apart in the process and moved in the direction of Australia.

A ball lightning rolling down on a slope.

As for the spehere rolling down the mountain - according to eyewitnesses it was some 30 cm in apparent diameter - the scientist believes that it cannot possibly have been a piece of the meteorite. To begin with, round objects of this type are so far unknown on Earth. Second, according to the observers, the sphere rolled downhill very slowly. This would not be expected from a piece of a meteorite. And third, there are no traces of impact on the ground, such as a crater or burned surfaces.

Hughes believes that it may have been a ball lightning, triggered by one of the pieces of debris. It had strongly reduced the electric resistance between the surface of the Earth and the ionosphere - and in so doing, it had made possible a flow of electric current. This may have created the ball lightning.

The so-called Pasamonte Fireball, which was observed in 1933 in the US State of New Mexico, may have had a similar origin, says Hughes. Generally, such phenomena could be responsible for alleged UFO-sightings in many places in the world.

In his work, the researcher proposes several mechanisms, which could have been responsible for the stability of the path of lightning - but he does not privilege definitely any one of them. Hughes points to experiments made at the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP) and the Humboldt University in Berlin. Scientists have been able to generate high-tension discharges of green, glowing plasma clouds over a watersurface. Maybe that these balls, which had a diameter of 10 to 20 cm, were comparable to the phenomenon observed in Australia, Hughes speculates.

^^//Der Spiegel// article (in German)^^

Balkans: Archaeologists puzzling over 7,000y old copper finds - a tremendous fire destroyed a flourishing city

by Angelika Franz
Der Spiegel, December 27, 2010
Translated from the German by Ami de Grazia

Scientists have discovered in Serbia the oldest copper implements in the world. Some 7000 years ago, tradesmen of great wealth flourished on the Balkan. They present the archaeologists with a puzzle: why did the age of copper begin there so early - and why did it find an abrupt end?
In the 5th millennium before Christ there was not a lot going on in Europe. Slowly the people living on the Continent were beginning to familiarize themselves with the new idea of agriculture which strangers had brought from the East. Great building projects like the circles of megaliths lay still far in the future. Slowly the population of humans on the planet grew from five to seven millions.
Yet in the deep Southeast of Europe, near today's village of Plonik in Serbia, there existed 7000 years ago a major city. It inhabitants lived in closely assembled huts and they melted copper to make jewels, tools and weapons. Archaeologists have now come to this surprising conclusion.
Up to 7300 years is the age of the oldest pieces which they have found up to now in the settlement. That's a good 800 years older as any other copper implements which have been found anywhere on Earth to this day.
Until now, many researchers surmised that the mining of metal and its transformation had been invented in Northern Mesopotamia and had spread from there to the East. But the new discoveries in Plonik tell of a different story. They were not the results of casual experiments. The people of the Balkan had a good knowledge of how they could create jewels, tools and weapons out of earth with a high copper content.

Violets betray where the copper lays
"The soil around Plonik is rich in copper - the metal in a pure state lays often directly at the surface," says Raiko Krauss, Archeologist and Copper age specialist from the University Tübingen. Therefore, conditions had been ideal for experimentation.
The so-called "copper-violets" blossom all over. "They are related to the Alpine violets, which we know in Germany from flower pots," says Krauss. "But they grow only in a soil with a very high copper content. There - where the soil is too poisonous for the other plants, they blossom in wide carpets - and in so doing point to the presence of copper."
Already in the late stone age people picked up the beautiful stones. For instance, malachite. The green-hued mineral belongs to the class of carbonates. Copper content: 57 percent. Our ancestors made experiments with different stones over the fire. From there, it was only a small step to jewels and to more practical objects.
In Plonik, excavators found hatchets of copper. And weapons: axes and maces. With them a new area began. The stone age was gone, the copper age - chalcolithic - had begun.
(.../...)

Read more

Climate's influence on European history

THE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE ON MEN
(About a comprehensive archive of climate data in Europe for the past 2,500 years established from tree-rings.) - Der Spiegel, January 13, 2011.
Translated by Ami de Grazia

We have all heard of the story of Hannibal crossing the Alps - but is it accurate? In 218 BC the Carthaginian general crossed the highest mountain range of Europe with 37 elephants, thousands of horsemen and ten of thousands of foot soldiers to fight Rome. All the elephants survived this ordeal. Is this possible?

Now more of the story is coming to light. A new study, published in Science magazine, provides year by year an accurate history of the climate in Europe for the past 2,500 years. As it appears from the study, in the summer of 218 BC, the weather was particularly warm. The story of Hannibal's crossing of the Alps gains in credibility.

Other events too can be checked against the study and acquire from it new arguments to consolidate or invalidate them: why did famines, wanderings of peoples, epidemics and wars occur? Often, drastic changes in the weather and in the climate may have effected equally dramatic changes in history, say historians.

Researchers Ulf Büntgen from the Swiss Environment Research Institut WSL in Bern and Jan Esper from University of Mainz have sorted the information contained in almost 9,000 pieces of wood - and constituted a unique archive of climate. The tree-rings inform us about the weather of the past: every year trees add a new ring, the breadth of which gives precious information about temperature and precipitation - depending on the location where the tree grew.

The most important results of the study are:
* Historical epochs fit into climatic cycles: the flourishing of the Roman Empire and of the German empire coincided with warm periods; bad times like invasions, the Plague and the Thirty Years war happened in times of bad climatic conditions.
*Central Europe experienced in Roman times and in the high Middle Ages warm periods like those of today. Yet the summer of 2003 remains remarkable: it was the hottest Summer in the Alpine region in 2,500 years.
* The amount of precipitation in Central Europe varied considerably more from one year to the other in Antiquity and in the Middle Ages than it does today, moreover, extremes were more pronounced.
(.../...)


Read more


The new website of Alfred de Grazia's living ideas and projects
General Eric P. Wendt, Anne-Marie de Grazia

Alfred de Grazia was made posthumously a Distinguished Member of the Regiment (DMOR) of Psychological Operations, Special Operations Command, in Fort Bragg, NC, on Oct. 31, 2014.
Anne-Marie accepted the honor in his stead from the hands of the commanding General Eric P. Wendt.

Alfred de Grazia's career in Intelligence

The 1st Millenium A.D. Chronology Controversy

Alfred de Grazia, Philippe Richer

Alfred de Grazia receives the medal of the Légion d'Honneur
Click here

Latest Books by
Alfred de Grazia and on quantavolution

30th Anniversary Edition:

Alfred de Grazia: A Cloud Over Bhopal

Articles in Q-mag.org

Festschrift in honor of Alfred de Grazia's 90th birthday